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Više od dvije trećine zapadnih poslovnih čelnika smatra Kazahstan sve atraktivnijim odredištem za ulaganje zbog političkih reformi. Veliko istraživanje YouGov-a naglašava rastuće pozitivno raspoloženje koje se odražava u nedavnim ulaganjima međunarodnih fondova i tvrtki, piše Colin Stevens.

The ongoing reforms of President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev underpin increased investor confidence in ‘New Kazakhstan’ 16 November 2022: Two-thirds of Western business leaders believe constitutional reforms recently implemented by the President of Kazakhstan have made the country a more attractive investment opportunity, a new YouGov survey has revealed.

Oko 69% europskih i američkih poslovnih čelnika reklo je da su reforme pozitivne za zemlju koja se nalazi na strateškom gospodarskom raskrižju u srcu Euroazije. 

Studija je pokazala da 77% vjeruje da će reforme imati pozitivan učinak na demokraciju u zemlji. Britanski i njemački poslovni čelnici bili su pozitivniji o prednostima reformskog programa od svojih američkih kolega.

Europe is Kazakhstan’s biggest trading partner, and there are more than 4,000 companies with European connections currently operating in Kazakhstan. UK and Global businesses, including satellite company OneWeb – in which the UK government has a stake – and US technology group Honeywell, are the latest companies to start operations in the country.

Istraživanje je provedeno između 1. i 9. studenog 2022. s 350 vlasnika tvrtki i/ili direktora uprava iz tvrtki iz SAD-a, UK-a i Njemačke s godišnjim prihodom od preko 250 milijuna funti. 

It was conducted on behalf of The Chamber of International Commerce of Kazakhstan and found that 82% of the senior business leaders polled believed President Tokayev was prioritising the appropriate issues for reform, while 64% believed he was ‘very’ or ‘quite’ serious about improving human rights. That belief was strongest among US business leaders, where 72% perceived the Kazakh president as focused on human rights. 

Oglas

The constitutional reforms, which were overwhelmingly approved by 77% of the electorate in a national referendum in June, are just the start of a long-term trend to usher in a ‘New Kazakhstan’, according to President Tokayev. 

Recognition of constitutional reforms addressing inequalities and driving investor appeal The reforms are aimed at strengthening Kazakhstan’s parliament while reining in presidential powers to remove ‘oligarchic capitalism’, root out corruption and enhance the lives of Kazakhstan’s 19.4 million citizens. 

Od svog izbora 2019., predsjednik Tokayev je uveo mjere za osnaživanje žena, pokrenuo obvezno zdravstveno osiguranje i povećao isplate dječjeg doplatka dok nastoji smanjiti nejednakost. Njegove najnovije reforme uključuju obećanje zaštite ljudskih prava, ponovno uspostavljanje ustavnog suda i ukidanje smrtne kazne. 

Of the five Central Asian republics that gained independence, Kazakhstan is the largest and wealthiest. It is roughly the size of Western Europe and is rich in 72 natural resources, with the biggest oil reserves of any former Soviet Union country, apart from Russia, and is currently benefiting from rising oil prices. Two-thirds of business leaders surveyed (67%) believe Kazakhstan’s energy supplies could play an important role in solving the global energy crisis.

The YouGov survey is the latest study to highlight the growing appeal of Kazakhstan to foreign investors and businesses. Kazakhstan’s souring trade and prospects recognised by leading consultants, global investors, markets and think tanks.

Vanjska trgovina porasla je za 41% na 51 milijardu dolara u prvih pet mjeseci 2022., prema Kazahstanskom zavodu za nacionalnu statistiku, dok je trgovina s UK dosegnula 1.8 milijardi dolara, što je povećanje od 66% u prvih sedam mjeseci ove godine. 

Foreign direct investment in Kazakhstan reached its highest level for a decade in the second quarter, at $7.58 billion, while leading institutional investors, such as Franklin Templeton, Goldman Sachs and Citi have been meeting the country’s leadership to learn more about potential opportunities. 

Londonska burza također promiče gospodarske izglede Kazahstana, dok zemlja kreće s velikim programom privatizacije i nekoliko ključnih tvrtki, uključujući Air Astana, u kojoj Bae Systems drži 49% udjela, priprema se za prodaju. 

The exchange recently hosted its second Annual Kazakhstan Investment Forum in partnership with Kazakhstan’s sovereign wealth fund Samruk-Kazyna. A separate report, published this month, from consultants from EY entitled – With the global economy at a crossroads, which way will Central Asia go? – highlighted President Tokayev’s “New Kazakhstan: The Path of Renewal and Modernization” development plan to restructure the economy. 

U izvješću se ističu ključni prioriteti plana, uključujući povećanje gospodarskog rasta i uključenosti promicanjem ekonomske diversifikacije, razvojem privatnog sektora, smanjenjem korupcije i poboljšanjem upravljanja. 

The Chamber’s recent report, Is now the time to invest in Kazakhstan?, quotes several independent investors highlighting the country’s potential: 

Marius Dan, Franklin Templeton, said: “An exciting investment opportunity considering Kazakhstan’s economic stability, abundant natural resources, strong commodity market fundamentals and the political and economic reforms by President Tokayev.” 

Roland Nash, VPE Capital, said: “It is a country with enormous potential driven by international trade. Its unique geographical position makes it extremely well placed to take full advantage of the rise of China/Asian trade but also the rapidly growing European demand for the vital commodities Kazakhstan produces.”   

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