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Belgija vodi napore kako bi kraj Nagorno-Karabakh sukoba

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PHOTONEWS_10351449-009Belgium is spearheading fresh efforts to find a solution to the conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh, one of Europe’s so-called frozen conflicts.

Ministar vanjskih poslova Didier Reynders (Zamislio) rekao je da će zemlja Beneluksa raditi na normalizaciji odnosa između Armenije i Azerbejdžana. Reynders, predsjednik Odbora ministara Vijeća Europe, upravo se vratio iz vođenja šezdesetočlane delegacije gospodarstvenika u dvije zemlje.

Izrazio je zabrinutost zbog nedavnog nasilja u Nagorno-Karabahu, a također se navodi da je impresioniran stanjem raseljenih osoba u Azerbejdžanu. Okupacija azerbejdžanskog teritorija Armenije i napetosti između dva susjeda stvorili su milijun izbjeglica i interno raseljenih osoba (IRL).

Reynders, zamjenik premijera u Belgiji, rekao je: „Ovo mi je bio prvi posjet i znam da ima oko milijun ljudi koji su došli iz Armenije i Nagorno-Karabaha. Vjerujem da je važno posjećivati ​​zemlju s izbjeglicama i raseljenima. Dobro je razumjeti razmjere ovog problema. Jer kad prihvaćamo izbjeglice u Europi, imamo velike rasprave. Ako imate milijun raseljenih osoba, razumijem da je ovo potpuno drugačija situacija.

"Pridržavamo se stava o rješavanju sukoba oko Nagorno-Karabaha unutar teritorijalne cjelovitosti zemlje," dodao je Reynders. “Razgovarali smo o situaciji sa susjednom državom, Armenijom, i okupaciji Nagorno-Karabaha, jer smo zabrinuti zbog incidenata na prvoj crti bojišnice. Bit će nam drago vidjeti određeni napredak u pregovorima s dvije susjedne zemlje. Naravno, rješavanje sukoba vojnim sredstvima je neprihvatljivo, problem bi trebao biti riješen u okviru OESS-ove skupine iz Minska. "

The Minsk Group, part of the OSCE’s efforts to find a peaceful solution to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, is co-chaired by France, the Russian Federation, and the United States. After meeting Reynders, Azerbaijan’s Foreign Policy Head Elmar Mammadyarov said the country continues facing a policy of “double standards” of the European countries.  Reynders’ visit has re-focused international attention on the conflict. The issue is given added topicality as the EU is planning to adopt a resolution on territorial integrity of several former Soviet Republics in the Eastern Partnership Summit in Riga on 28 May.

The bloody war, which flared up in the late 1980s due to Armenia’s territorial claims against its South Caucasus neighbor, left 700,000 civilians of Nagorno-Karabakh and the regions adjoining it, as well as the regions bordering with Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh without homes. Moreover, 250,000 Azerbaijanis were expelled from Armenia and became refugees due to Armenia’s ethnic cleansing policy after the emergence of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan. Nagorno-Karabakh is one of the so-called frozen conflicts in the post-Soviet space. It is a landlocked region in the Southern Caucasus, de jure on the territory of Azerbaijan, but de facto governed by the Armenian-backed separatist regime not recognised by any single country around the world.

Oglas

The invasion of the territory by Armenia began in 1988 with minor conflicts, but evolved into a full-scale war in 1992. Since the end of the war in 1994, Armenian and Azeri delegations have held talks about the status of Nagorno-Karabakh under the supervision of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe’s Minsk Group. Armenia is part of the Collective Security Treaty Organization, which is a military alliance of six former Soviet nations, including Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Russia. Some 20 percent territories of Azerbaijan have long been under occupation and steps taken so far have not yielded any result.

Last month, European Union Special Representative for the South Caucasus Herbert Salber said the status quo in the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is “not acceptable” and that the conflict could not be considered frozen. Meanwhile, Peter Tase, an expert on international relations at Marquette University in the U.S, has accused the EU of “turning a blind eye” towards the pro-European aspirations of Azerbaijan.

“EU također favorizira Erevan, unatoč činjenici da je Armenija pouzdan satelit Rusije. Potonji doživljava teške ekonomske sankcije Zapada i zemalja EU-a. " "Armenija, članica Euroazijske ekonomske unije (EAU), ima ocrnjeno i nerazvijeno gospodarstvo", rekao je. „Ima pristranu vanjsku politiku koja je usko koordinirana s Moskvom. Provodi dosljedne kampanje za manipuliranje poviješću Južnog Kavkaza. Također nanosi nepopravljivu štetu imidžu Azerbejdžana u svijetu. "

Tase added that on the other hand, Baku’s foreign policy and attitude in international affairs is as mature and sophisticated as any other country of Western Europe. “Azerbaijan’s promotion of peaceful solution of the current obstacles that hinder national territorial integrity of the country is one of the essential values of Western moral thought and traditions,” he said. A centre-right German MEP told this website: “Azerbaijan is a country that is part of the Muslim world. At the same time, it is an exemplary country of the Western world, which can become a model. But it is not so easy in the geopolitical area in which Azerbaijan is located. Azerbaijan’s leadership is doing its best to achieve this.

“Every day and every moment we see the attempts to exert pressure on Azerbaijan. The press and NGOs also join this process. The funds are also allocated for this. Why is it so? Today, Azerbaijan has been demonstrating a model of stability, security and development.”

Trenutačna situacija u Ukrajini i sukob oko Nagorno-Karabaha istaknuta je u nedavnom izdanju časopisa The Washington Times Maayana Jaffea, bivšeg glavnog urednika časopisa Baltimore Jewish Times. She writes: “Despite attempts at dialogue and cease-fires, Russia continues to systematically eat away at Ukraine. America, therefore, continues to threaten further sanctions and consequences against Russia. America has pressed its European allies to stand up to Russian President Vladimir Putin — and that’s good and right.

“But why is America not doing the same for its ally in the Caucasus region, for Azerbaijan? Where is the consistency necessary for a sustainable and successful U.S. foreign policy? For more than 20 years, Armenia has waged an ongoing, illegal occupation and ethnic cleansing in Nagorno-Karabakh and seven other adjacent regions of Azerbaijan — in violation of its sovereignty and territorial integrity.”

Nagorno-Karabah i ove druge četvrti povijesno su pripadale Azerbejdžanu i međunarodna zajednica ih je priznala kao pripadnost Azerbejdžanu. Ipak, oni su ostali pod armenskom okupacijom više od dva desetljeća, otkako je 1992 usprkos rezolucijama Europskog parlamenta, UN-a, Vijeća Europe i OESS-a pozvao na trenutno povlačenje armenskih trupa s okupiranih azerbejdžanskih teritorija.

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