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Komisija šalje izjave o prigovorima na Gazproma za navodne zlouporabe vladajućeg položaja na tržištima Središnje i Istočne opskrbe Europske plina

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gazprom_gpemEuropska komisija uputila je Gazpromu izjavu o prigovoru tvrdeći da neke od njezinih poslovnih praksi na tržištima plina u Središnjoj i Istočnoj Europi predstavljaju zlouporabu dominantnog položaja na tržištu u suprotnosti s antimonopolskim pravilima EU-a. Vidjeti Letak s činjenicama za daljnje detalje.

On the basis of its investigation, the Commission’s preliminary view is that Gazprom is breaking EU antitrust rules by pursuing an overall strategy to partition Central and Eastern European gas markets, for example by reducing its customers’ ability to resell the gas cross-border. This may have enabled Gazprom to charge unfair prices in certain member states. Gazprom may also have abused its dominant market position by making the supply of gas dependent on obtaining unrelated commitments from wholesalers concerning gas transport infrastructure.

Gazprom now has 12 weeks to reply to the Statement of Objections and can also request an oral hearing to present its arguments. The Commission will fully respect Gazprom’s rights of defense and carefully consider its comments before taking a decision. Sending a Statement of Objections does not prejudge the final outcome of the investigation.

EU Commissioner in charge of competition policy Margrethe Vestager said: “Gas is an essential commodity in our daily life: it heats our homes, we use it for cooking and to produce electricity. Maintaining fair competition in European gas markets is therefore of utmost importance.

Sve tvrtke koje djeluju na europskom tržištu - bez obzira jesu li europske ili ne - moraju igrati po našim pravilima EU.

I am concerned that Gazprom is breaking EU antitrust rules by abusing its dominant position on EU gas markets. We find that it may have built artificial barriers preventing gas from flowing from certain Central Eastern European countries to others, hindering cross-border competition. Keeping national gas markets separate also allowed Gazprom to charge prices that we at this stage consider to be unfair. If our concerns were confirmed, Gazprom would have to face the legal consequences of its behaviour.”

The Commission’s preliminary findings in the Statement of Objections

Oglas

Gazprom is the dominant gas supplier in a number of Central and Eastern European countries. In light of its investigation, the Commission’s preliminary view is that Gazprom is hindering competition in the gas supply markets in eight member states (Bugarska, Češka, Estonija, Mađarska, Latvija, Litva, Poljska i Slovačka). Komisija smatra da Gazprom provodi cjelokupnu zlouporabnu strategiju na tim tržištima opskrbe plinom, a posebno:

  • Gazprom nameće teritorijalna ograničenja u ugovorima o opskrbi s veletrgovcima i nekim industrijskim kupcima u gore navedenim zemljama. Ta ograničenja uključuju zabrane izvoza i odredbe koje zahtijevaju da se kupljeni plin koristi na određenom području (odredba o odredištu). Gazprom je također upotrijebio i druge mjere koje su spriječile prekogranični protok plina, kao što je obvezao trgovce na veliko da dobiju Gaspromov sporazum o izvozu plina i odbijaju pod određenim okolnostima promijeniti mjesto na kojem bi plin trebao biti isporučen. Komisija smatra da te mjere sprečavaju slobodnu trgovinu plinom unutar Europskog gospodarskog prostora (EEA).
  • Ta teritorijalna ograničenja mogu rezultirati višim cijenama plina i omogućiti Gazpromu da nastavi s postupkom nepravedno određivanje cijena politika u pet država članica (Bugarska, Estonija, Latvija, Litva i Poljska), charging prices to wholesalers that are significantly higher compared to Gazprom’s costs or to benchmark prices. These unfair prices result partly from Gazprom’s price formulae that index gas prices in supply contracts to a basket of oil product prices and have unduly favoured Gazprom over its customers.
  • Gazprom može utjecati na svoju dominantnu tržišnu poziciju tako što će isporučivati ​​plin BugarskaPoljska uvjetom dobivanja nepovezanih obveze trgovaca na veliko u vezi s transportnom infrastrukturom plina, Primjerice, opskrba plinom bila je ovisna o ulaganjima u projekt plinovoda koji je promovirao Gazprom ili je prihvatio da Gazprom pojača kontrolu nad plinovodom.

The Commission’s provisional findings are that these practices constitute an abuse of Gazprom’s dominant market position prohibited by Article 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). Such behaviour, if confirmed, impedes the cross-border sale of gas within the Single Market thus lowering the liquidity and efficiency of gas markets. It raises artificial barriers to trade between Member States and results in higher gas prices.

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