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Moskva optužena za pokušaj 'potkopavanja' nuklearne industrije u Ukrajini

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Rebecca HarmsMoscow has been accused of trying to “undermine” Ukraine’s nuclear industry by suggesting that only Russian fuel can be used in its nuclear power plants.

Prijedlozi, koji dolaze uoči ključnih energetskih razgovora u četvrtak (19 ožujka) i Petak among European Union leaders, have been dismissed as “misleading” by the EU-Ukraine Business Council, a respected Brussels-based think tank.

Senior MEP Rebecca Harms (pictured) said Ukraine had been put in an “awful” position and that the controversy highlights the “unexpected consequences” of relying too “deeply” on Russia for energy.

At their two-day summit in Brussels energy will be at the top of the agenda for EU leaders who are keen to loosen Moscow’s stranglehold on Europe’s energy supplies.

Ukrajina je jako ovisna o nuklearnoj energiji i ima 15 reaktora generira oko polovice svoje električne energije.

Ona dobiva većinu svojih nuklearnih usluga i nuklearnog goriva iz Rusije, ali se smanji ovisnost kupnjom goriva iz Westinghouse, SAD-temeljen poduzeće.

Ovo gorivo će biti proizvedene na Westinghouse Electric Švedska AB postrojenja u Vasteras u Švedskoj.

Oglas

Under a US-Ukrainian initiative to reduce Ukraine’s dependency on Russia for fuel, Ukraine’s national electricity utility Energoatom recently extended its nuclear fuel supply contract with Westinghouse through to 2020.

Iako je Rusija uložila velike napore kako bi povratio svoj utjecaj u Ukrajini, Ukrajina Vlada je u potrazi za Zapad i za tehnologije i ulaganja u svoje nuklearne elektrane.

Međutim, sada se tvrdi da Moskva pokušava umanjiti takve napore sugerirajući da je Rusija je jedini siguran dobavljač stanica goriva za rusko-izgrađen i dizajniran nuklearne elektrane u Ukrajini.

An EU-Ukraine Business Council spokesman said pressure was being applied by a “huge counteraction” from a Russian lobby.

The spokesman said, “It is being argued by Russia that only it can supply Ukrainian nuclear plants with fuel. Moscow has said that, in taking fuel from other sources, Ukraine is playing a ‘dangerous’ game.

“This is both misleading and technically incorrect. The fact is that other fuels can be developed through careful technical co-operation in order to provide an alternative to Russian produced fuel; the alternative is 100 per cent safe and also at a fair price, enabling the company to apply prudent diversification of supply to ensure higher quality standards and fair price competition.”

He added, “What this media campaign amounts to is basically Russian black propaganda and an attempt to undermine the scientific and technical knowledge of Ukraine’s nuclear industry.

“Russia is obviously trying to protect its own nuclear industry; but it should not be allowed to claim a monopoly in this sector, certainly not when theirs case is based on false and misleading claims which have no basis in scientific fact.”

On je istakao da je Europska komisija u svibnju 2014 rekao da je kao uvjet za ulaganje, bilo koji dizajn reaktora izvan EU-izgrađen u EU moraju imati više od jednog izvora goriva.

Daljnji komentar dolazi od Rebecca Harms, viši njemački zastupnik u Europskom parlamentu i zamjenika vođa Zelenih skupine u Europskom parlamentu.

The long-standing deputy said, “I agree that is feasible to change but not without risks and not without the technical modernization or adaptation of the reactor.

“Decisions must also be taken carefully regarding alternatives to prolonging the lifetime of those reactors because investment in modernization would mean a longer  lifetime.

“And, given the age, technical and other problems of nuclear power plants in Ukraine alternatives have to be checked. I know that it is difficult to talk about a fast phase out of nuclear in Ukraine but all investments in nuclear now must be compared to other scenarios for short, medium and long term alternatives.”

Harms added, “For Ukraine it is an awful situation and demonstrates to everybody else outside that deep dependency on Russia has unexpected consequences.”

Elsewhere, Westinghouse president and CEO Danny Roderick said the signing of its contract with Energoatom for VVER fuel design “testifies to the quality of our fuel design and demonstrates that it has, in fact, operated without issue at the South Ukraine nuclear power plant.”

He added: “The agreement recognizes the excellent Westinghouse VVER fuel design performance and will allow Energoatom to continue diversification of its fuel supply.”

Tradicionalno, ruski TVEL bio jedini dobavljač stanicama goriva za ukrajinske NPPs. No, za nekoliko godina Westinghouse je proizveo nuklearno stanica za gorivo za nuklearne reaktore tipa VVER-1000. To čini 13 od 15 reaktora na ukrajinske nuklearne elektrane.

Ukrajina je čak počeo koristiti TBC-W gorive ćelije u dva reaktora.

A source in Ukraine’s energy ministry said he accepts the need to modernize the Internal Vessel Instrumentation (IVI) – the system that controls fuel inside the reactor – and that currently there are only two reactors in Ukraine with modernized IVI.

He said that while Ukraine is able to modernize IVIs without the Russians, insisting that it has “appropriate expertize and technical skills” to do so; the main problem is time.

Potrebno 6 na 12 mjeseci osuvremeniti IVi i nemoguće je da se modernizira 11 Ivis odjednom. Modernizacija može potrajati i do dvije godine.

Međutim, kako bi se sigurno na strani nuklearnog goriva Ukrajina treba početi modernizacija Ivis sada.

“We have a contract with Russian TVEL for only one year and, considering how Russians act towards Ukraine nowadays, no one can be assured that they will fulfil the contract,” said the source.

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