Povežite se s nama

koronavirusa

Sastanak čelnika zapadnog Balkana: EU pojačava potporu za rješavanje krize #COVID-19 i iznosi prijedlog za oporavak nakon pandemije

PODJELI:

Objavljeno

on

The European Commission has announced more than €3.3 billion of EU financial support mobilized jointly with the European Investment Bank to the benefit of the Western Balkans’ citizens. This package aims to address the immediate health and resulting humanitarian needs of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as help with the social and economic recovery.

In addition to the reinforced support, the Commission is in its contribution ahead of the EU-Western Balkans’ leaders meeting of 6 May 2020 also outlining the broad parameters of longer-term support to be presented later this year in the form of an Economic and Investment Plan for the region.

Predsjednica Europske komisije, Ursula von der Leyen, rekla je: „Imamo posebnu odgovornost pružiti pomoć u ovoj pandemiji našim partnerima na zapadnom Balkanu, jer njihova budućnost očito leži u Europskoj uniji. EU mobilizira značajan financijski paket, potvrđujući snažnu solidarnost. Zajedno ćemo prebroditi ovu krizu i oporaviti se. A osim toga, nastavit ćemo podupirati regiju, uključujući reforme potrebne na njihovom putu ka EU, jer će oporavak učinkovito funkcionirati samo ako zemlje nastave ispunjavati svoje obveze. "

Neighbourhood and Enlargement Commissioner Olivér Várhelyi said: “The European Union acted quickly and comprehensively to support the Western Balkans in addressing the COVID-19 pandemic, with unparalleled financial assistance as well as access to many of the EU’s initiatives. And our work will continue as we prepare an Economic and Investment Plan for the region, to tackle the hard socio-economic impact of the crisis, to modernise the economies in the region, support the reforms and start closing the development gap, thus bringing concrete benefits to the people faster.”

Podrška EU zapadnom Balkanu u borbi protiv koronavirusa

Paket financijske potpore EU od više od 3.3 milijarde eura uključuje preusmjeravanje iz Instrumenta pretpristupne pomoći u iznosu od 38 milijuna eura neposredne potpore zdravstvenom sektoru, posebno isporukom nužnih potrepština za spašavanje života, poput osobne zaštitne opreme, maski i ventilatore; 389 milijuna eura za rješavanje potreba za socijalnim i ekonomskim oporavkom i paket 455 milijuna eura za ponovno aktiviranje, u uskoj suradnji s međunarodnim financijskim institucijama. Također uključuje prijedlog makrofinancijske pomoći u iznosu od 750 milijuna eura i paket pomoći Europske investicijske banke u iznosu od 1.7 milijardi evra.

Oglas

EU također pruža hitnu humanitarnu pomoć ugroženim izbjeglicama i migrantima u iznosu od 4.5 milijuna do 8 milijuna eura za rješavanje gorućih potreba u migrantskim kampovima širom regije.

As a result of the coronavirus outbreak, the Western Balkans have also activated the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM) and have already started to receive assistance through delivery of equipment and repatriation of citizens from the UCPM member states and participating states. Furthermore, given their European perspective, the EU is treating the Western Balkans as privileged partners by granting them access to many initiatives and instruments reserved for EU member states. This includes for instance joint procurement of medical equipment, exempting the region from the EU’s export authorisation scheme for personal protective equipment, ensuring the fast flow of essential goods across land borders through “green lanes”, and the EU supply of testing material to ensure the correct functioning of coronavirus tests in the Western Balkans. The region is also associated to the work of relevant health bodies.

Looking ahead – an economic and investment plan for recovery

Zapadnom Balkanu bit će potrebna kontinuirana podrška u rješavanju utjecaja pandemije nakon završetka neposredne krize. Europska komisija će kasnije tijekom godine iznijeti ekonomski i investicijski plan za regiju, kako bi potaknula dugoročni oporavak, potaknula gospodarski rast i podržala reforme potrebne za napredak na putu EU.

It will also include a substantial investment package for the region. For the 2021-2027 period, the Commission has proposed a total envelope for the Pre-Accession Instrument III of €14.5bn, of which the lion’s share is destined for the Western Balkans. The Commission foresees a doubling in the provision of grants through the Western Balkans Investment Framework and substantially increasing the financial guarantees to support public and private investment in the region through a dedicated Guarantee Instrument under the Western Balkans Investment Framework.

Zelena tranzicija i digitalna transformacija igrat će središnju ulogu u pokretanju i modernizaciji ekonomija zapadnog Balkana. Ulaganje u čiste i digitalne tehnologije i kapacitete, zajedno s kružnom ekonomijom, pomoći će otvaranju novih radnih mjesta i rastu. Bit će pružena i podrška za poboljšanje konkurentnosti gospodarstava zapadnog Balkana, za bolje njihovo povezivanje unutar regije i EU, kao i za pridobijanje zapadnog Balkana digitalnom dobu. Snažni fokus staviti će se na prometne i energetske veze, koje su ključne za gospodarski razvoj regije, ali i EU.

Rješavanje temeljnih reformi

Oporavak od trenutne krize djelovat će samo ako partneri nastave ispunjavati svoje reformske obveze i proizvesti opipljive rezultate u njihovoj provedbi. To je također ključno za ostvarivanje njihove europske perspektive. Pored nastavka ekonomskih reformi, to zahtijeva jači fokus na vladavini zakona, funkcioniranju demokratskih institucija i javne uprave.

pozadina

EU heads of State and Government and those of the Western Balkans will gather on 6 May 2020 for an EU-Western Balkans’ leaders meeting to tackle common challenges. Initially foreseen as a summit in Zagreb, the meeting will due to the COVID-19 pandemic now take place via video conference. Today proposals are the Commission’s contribution ahead of this meeting.

The EU’s global response to the coronavirus pandemic follows a ‘Team Europe’ approach; combining resources from the EU, its member states and financial institutions, in particular the European Investment Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Together with our partners, we are making sure that the substantial EU funding already allocated to the Western Balkans is targeted to help them address the impact of the pandemic.In parallel, some EU member states are also providing bilateral support, whether financial or donations of supplies.

Više informacija

Link na komunikacije

Podaci o odgovoru EU na pandemiju koronavirusa na zapadnom Balkanu

Podaci o odnosima zapadnog i balkanskog EU-a

Faktografi za partnere:

Albanija

Bosna i Hercegovina

Kosovo

Crna Gora

Sjeverna Makedonija

Srbija

Podijelite ovaj članak:

EU Reporter objavljuje članke iz raznih vanjskih izvora koji izražavaju širok raspon stajališta. Stavovi zauzeti u ovim člancima nisu nužno stavovi EU Reportera.

Trendovi