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Europska komisija postavlja temelje za poštenije i transparentnije pristupu oporezivanja u EU

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Valdis DombrovskisEuropska komisija započela je danas (18. veljače) rad na ambicioznom programu borbe protiv izbjegavanja poreza i agresivnog poreznog planiranja. Kolegij povjerenika održao je prvu orijentacijsku raspravu o mogućim ključnim akcijama kako bi se osigurao pravedniji i transparentniji pristup oporezivanju u EU.

President Jean-Claude Juncker has made the fight against tax evasion and avoidance a top political priority of this Commission, and today’s discussion centred on the most pressing measures that need to be taken in this field. It was agreed that a key objective is to ensure that companies are taxed where their economic activities generating the profits are performed and cannot avoid paying their fair share through aggressive tax planning. In this respect, there was strong consensus in the College that a particular focus must be on improving tax transparency in the area of corporate taxation.

U tu svrhu, Kolegij povjerenika složio se predstaviti paket porezne transparentnosti u ožujku.

“A prosperous Europe needs fair, transparent and predictable tax systems for businesses to invest and for consumers to regain confidence. As part of our work for a deeper and fairer internal market, we want to establish greater tax transparency and ensure fairer tax competition, within the EU and globally. It is not acceptable that tax authorities have to rely on leaks before they enforce tax rules,” said Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis (pictured), responsible for the Euro and Social Dialogue.

Pierre Moscovici, Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs, said: “Abusive tax practices and harmful tax regimes breed in the shadows; transparency and co-operation are their natural foes. It is time for a new era of openness between tax administrations, a new age of solidarity between governments to ensure fair taxation for all. The Commission is fully committed to securing the highest level of tax transparency in Europe.”

Komisija brzo ispunjava obećanja koja je dala u svom Program rada last December: it will propose legislation next month to extend the automatic exchange of information on tax rulings. Under current EU rules, member states share very little information about rulings concerning their corporate tax regimes, which are often very complex. This makes it difficult for tax authorities to assess where a company’s real economic activity takes place, and to apply tax rules fairly on that basis. As a consequence, many multinationals attempt to shift profits and minimise their tax bills, depriving EU governments of valuable tax revenues and undermining fair taxation.

The March proposal will be accompanied by a wider set of measures to increase tax transparency; today’s orientation debate considered various legislative and non-legislative options.

Oglas

Paket porezne transparentnosti za sljedeći mjesec tek je početak, a na tom području predstoji još posla tijekom 2015. Komisija će ovog ljeta predstaviti drugi paket mjera koji se bave poštenim i učinkovitim oporezivanjem poduzeća, koji će također uzeti u obzir trenutne inicijative G20 i OECD za borbu protiv izbjegavanja poreza.

Pozadina:

Komisija će u ožujku predstaviti Paket porezne transparentnosti, uključujući zakonodavni prijedlog za automatsku razmjenu podataka o poreznim presudama.

Komisija je navela u svom Program rada u prosincu da će ukinuti utaju poreza i izbjegavanje poreza, kako bi se osiguralo plaćanje poreza u zemlji u kojoj se generira dobit.

U njegovom Političke smjernice presented to the European Parliament on 15 July 2014, President Juncker stated: “We need more fairness in our internal market. While recognising the competence of Member States for their taxation systems, we should step up our efforts to combat tax evasion and tax fraud, so that all contribute their fair share.”

Istodobno, Komisija nastavlja četiri temeljite istrage državne pomoći (vidi također ovdje) u porezne presude koje su donijele Irska, Luksemburg i Nizozemska. Ranije ovog mjeseca pokrenula je istragu o belgijski porezni sustav, koji omogućava multinacionalnim tvrtkama da znatno smanje svoju poreznu obvezu u Belgiji. Komisija je također već pitala sve države članice pružiti informacije o njihovoj praksi poreznog odlučivanja kako bi se identificiralo je li i gdje se konkurencija na jedinstvenom tržištu narušava selektivnim poreznim prednostima.

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